What was the 18th Amendment – Aim and the results

18th Amendment:

What was the 18th Amendment? It is A Very Common Term Used By Politicians everywhere but what does this even mean?? Let us understand.

Aim of 18th Amendment:

18th Amendment in Pakistan

The main aim of this amendment is to limit presidential powers. The power from the president is transferred directly to parliament for a yes or no vote to the prime minister. This amendment also gives more power to the Prime minister of Pakistan. After this amendment, the president can no more unilaterally dismiss parliament under vague emergency provisions.

Main points:

Some other main points are:

} Reduces the requirement for the prime minister to consult with the president.

} Transfers the position of chief executive of the nation from the president to the prime minister.

} Requires that the president consults with the prime minister on choosing new provincial governors and military service chiefs.
} The ban on third time prime ministership and chief ministership has been lifted which helps people like Nawaz Sharif to become prime ministers again.

} FATF renamed to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

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} Courts will no longer be able to endorse suspensions of the constitution.

} The president will no longer be able to appoint the head of the Election Commission.

} Neither president nor prime minister will have a direct role in judicial appointments rather a Judicial Commission will propose nominees.

Devolved Ministries:

The following ministries were dissolved at the federal level and were given to the provinces
] Ministry of Education became Ministry of Federal Education and Professional Training
] Ministry of health became Ministry of National Health Services, Regulation and Coordination
] Ministry of tourism’s powers given to Pakistan Tourism Development Corporation
] Ministry of minorities’ affairs merged with the Ministry of Religious Affairs

Still Unsolved Question:

The 18th amendment does not fix all of Pakistan’s political problems. For one thing, the civilian government continues to hold limited powers of real oversight on the budgets or policies of the military.

And though the amendment mandates the establishment of local governments in all four provinces, it provides little clarity on which administrative or financial authorities will be delegated to them or how they should be constituted.

Further, while some measures are assumed to increase the provinces’ ability to retain control of their revenue, most taxes will continue to be redistributed through the federal centre. These are the basic points.
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